Stall margin improvement in a low-speed axial compressor rotor using a blockage-optimised single circumferential casing groove

Mustaffa, Ahmad Fikri and Kanjirakkad, Vasudevan (2021) Stall margin improvement in a low-speed axial compressor rotor using a blockage-optimised single circumferential casing groove. Journal of the Global Power and Propulsion Society, 5. pp. 79-89. ISSN 2515-3080

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Abstract

The stall margin of tip-critical axial compressors can be improved by using circumferential casing grooves. From previous studies, in the literature, the stall margin improvement due to the casing grooves can be attributed to the reduction of the near casing blockage. The pressure rise across the compressor as the compressor is throttled intensifies the tip leakage flow. This results in a stronger tip leakage vortex that is thought to be the main source of the blockage. In this paper, the near casing blockage due to the tip region aerodynamics in a low-speed axial compressor rotor is numerically studied and quantified using a mass flow-based blockage parameter. The peak blockage location at the last stable operating point for a rotor with smooth casing is found to be at about 10% of the tip chord aft of the tip leading edge. Based on this information, an optimised single casing groove design that minimises the peak blockage is found using a surrogate-based optimisation approach. The implementation of the optimised groove is shown to produce a stall margin improvement of about 5%.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Stall-margin, Axial-compressor, Circumferential casing-groove, Blockage
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 05 May 2021 07:21
Last Modified: 05 May 2021 07:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/98822

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