L-GALAXIES 2020: the evolution of radial metallicity profiles and global metallicities in disc galaxies

Yates, Robert M, Henriques, Bruno M B, Fu, Jian, Kauffmann, Guinevere, Thomas, Peter A, Guo, Qi, White, Simon D M and Schady, Patricia (2021) L-GALAXIES 2020: the evolution of radial metallicity profiles and global metallicities in disc galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 503 (3). pp. 4474-4495. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We present a modified version of the L-GALAXIES 2020 semi-analytic model of galaxy evolution, which includes significantly increased direct metal enrichment of the circumgalactic medium (CGM) by supernovae (SNe). These more metal-rich outflows do not require increased mass-loading factors, in contrast to some other galaxy evolution models. This modified L-GALAXIES 2020 model is able to simultaneously reproduce the gas-phase metallicity (Zg) and stellar metallicity (Z*) radial profiles observed in nearby disc galaxies by MaNGA and MUSE, as well as the observed mass - metallicity relations for gas and stars at z = 0 and their evolution back to z ∼ 2 - 3. A direct CGM enrichment fraction of ∼90 per cent for SNe-II is preferred. We find that massive disc galaxies have slightly flatter Zg profiles than their lower-mass counterparts in L-GALAXIES 2020, due to more efficient enrichment of their outskirts via inside-out growth and metal-rich accretion. Such a weak, positive correlation between stellar mass and Zg profile slope is also seen in our MaNGA-DR15 sample of 571 star-forming disc galaxies, although below log10(M∗/M⊙)∼10.0 this observational result is strongly dependent on the metallicity diagnostic and morphological selection chosen. In addition, a lowered maximum SN-II progenitor mass of 25 M⊙, reflecting recent theoretical and observational estimates, can also provide a good match to observed Zg and Z* profiles at z = 0 in L-GALAXIES 2020. However, this model version fails to reproduce an evolution in Zg at fixed mass over cosmic time, or the magnesium abundances observed in the intracluster medium (ICM).

Item Type: Article
Keywords: analytical, data analysis, abundances, evolution
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2021 06:46
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 07:02
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/98406

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