‘Seeing with empty eyes’: a systems approach to understand climate change and mental health in Bangladesh

Hayward, Gemma and Ayeb-Karlsson, Sonja (2021) ‘Seeing with empty eyes’: a systems approach to understand climate change and mental health in Bangladesh. Climatic Change, 165 (1-2). a29 1-30. ISSN 0165-0009

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Abstract

Bangladesh’s unique climate vulnerability is well-investigated but the mental health impacts of climate change remain relatively unexplored. Three databases were searched for English primary qualitative studies published between 2000 and 2020. Out of 1202 publications, 40 met the inclusion criteria. This systematic review applies a systems approach to further understand Bangladesh’s ‘climate-wellbeing’ network. The literature indicates diverse factors linking environmental stress and mental ill-health including four key themes: (1) post-hazard mental health risks, (2) human (im)mobility, (3) social tension and conflict, and (4) livelihood loss and economic hardship. This systems analysis also revealed that people’s mental wellbeing is strongly mediated by socio-economic status and gender. The article illustrates how multiple pathways may amplify stress, anxiety, violence, and psychological damage. Greater recognition of the ‘climate-wellbeing’ connections, and incorporation of mental health in current climate action and policy frameworks, will be an effective way to achieve a more sustainable future.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Bangladesh, climate change, disasters, mental health, sustainable wellbeing, systems analysis
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > Geography
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2021 06:50
Last Modified: 25 May 2021 10:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/98137

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