The non-linear infrared-radio correlation of low-z galaxies: implications for redshift evolution, a new radio SFR recipe, and how to minimize selection bias

Molnar, Daniel Cs, Sargent, Mark T, Leslie, Sarah, Magnelli, Benjamin, Schinnerer, Eva, Zamorani, Giovanni, Delhaize, Jacinta, Smolcic, Vernesa, Tisanic, Kresimir and Vardoulaki, Eleni (2021) The non-linear infrared-radio correlation of low-z galaxies: implications for redshift evolution, a new radio SFR recipe, and how to minimize selection bias. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

The infrared-radio correlation (IRRC) underpins many commonly used radio luminosity-star formation rate (SFR) calibrations. In preparation for the new generation of radio surveys we revisit the IRRC of low-z galaxies by (a) drawing on the best currently available IR and 1.4 GHz radio photometry, plus ancillary data over the widest possible area, and (b) carefully assessing potential systematics. We compile a catalogue of ∼9,500 z < 0.2 galaxies and derive their 1.4 GHz radio (L1.4), total IR, and monochromatic IR luminosities in up to seven bands, allowing us to parameterize the wavelength-dependence of monochromatic IRRCs from 22-500 μm. For the first time for low-z samples, we quantify how poorly matched IR and radio survey depths bias measured median IR/radio ratios, q¯¯TIR , and discuss the level of biasing expected for low-z IRRC studies in ASKAP/MeerKAT fields. For our subset of ∼2,000 high-confidence star-forming galaxies we find a median q¯¯TIR of 2.54 (scatter: 0.17 dex). We show that q¯¯TIR correlates with L1.4, implying a non-linear IRRC with slope 1.11±0.01. Our new L1.4-SFR calibration, which incorporates this non-linearity, reproduces SFRs from panchromatic SED fits substantially better than previous IRRC-based recipes. Finally, we match the evolutionary slope of recently measured q¯¯TIR -redshift trends without having to invoke redshift evolution of the IRRC. In this framework, the redshift evolution of q¯¯TIR reported at GHz frequencies in the literature is the consequence of a partial, redshift-dependent sampling of a non-linear IRRC obeyed by low-z and distant galaxies.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2021 08:57
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2021 09:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/97999

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