A human-centered approach to AI ethics: a perspective from cognitive science

Chrisley, Ron (2020) A human-centered approach to AI ethics: a perspective from cognitive science. In: Dubber, Markus D, Pasquale, Frank and Das, Sunit (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 463-474. ISBN 9780190067397

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Abstract

This chapter explores a human-centered approach to AI and robot ethics. It demonstrates how a human-centered approach can resolve some problems in AI and robot ethics that arise from the fact that AI systems and robots have cognitive states, and yet have no welfare, and are not responsible. In particular, the approach allows that violence toward robots can be wrong even if robots cannot be harmed. More importantly, the approach encourages people to shift away from designing robots as if they were human ethical deliberators. Ultimately, the cognitive states of AI systems and robots may have a role to play in the proper ethical analysis of situations involving them, even if it is not by virtue of conferring welfare or responsibilities on those systems or robots.

Item Type: Book Section
Keywords: human-centered approach, AI ethics, robot ethics, AI systems, cognitive states, robots, ethical analysis, mens rea
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Informatics
Research Centres and Groups: Centre for Cognitive Science
Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BJ Ethics
Depositing User: Ron Chrisley
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2021 11:59
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2021 01:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/97794

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