Comparing multiband and singleband EPI in NODDI at 3T: what are the implications for reproducibility and study sample sizes?

Bouyagoub, Samira, Dowell, Nicholas G, Gabel, Matt and Cercignani, Mara (2020) Comparing multiband and singleband EPI in NODDI at 3T: what are the implications for reproducibility and study sample sizes? Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine. ISSN 0968-5243

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Abstract

Objective
The reproducibility of Neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI) metrics from time-saving multiband (MB) EPI compared with singleband (SB) has not been considered. This study aims to evaluate the reproducibility of NODDI parameters from SB and MB acquisitions, determine the agreement between acquisitions and estimate the sample sizes required to detect between-group change.

Methods
Brain diffusion MRI data were acquired using SB and MB (acceleration factors 2 (MB2) and 3 (MB3)) on 8 healthy subjects on 2 separate visits. NODDI maps of isotropic volume fraction (FISO), neurite density (NDI) and orientation dispersion index (ODI) were estimated. Region-of-interest analysis was performed; variability across subjects and visits was measured using coefficients of variation (CoV). Intraclass correlation coefficient and Bland–Altman analysis were performed to assess reproducibility and detect any systematic bias between SB, MB2 and MB3. Power calculations were used to determine sample sizes required to detect group differences.

Results
Both NDI and ODI were reproducible between visits; however, FISO was variable. All parameters were not reproducible across methods; a systematic bias was observed with the derived values decreasing as the MB factor increases. The number of subjects needed to detect a between-group change is not significantly different between methods; however, ODI needs considerably higher sample sizes than NDI.

Conclusions
Both SB and MB yield highly reproducible NDI and ODI measures, but direct comparison of these parameters between methods is complicated by systematic differences that exist between the two approaches.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Neuroscience
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2020 09:04
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2021 16:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/95596

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