Numerical simulation of single-droplet dynamics, vaporization, and heat transfer from impingement onto static and vibrating surfaces

Thalackottore Jose, J and Dunne, J F (2020) Numerical simulation of single-droplet dynamics, vaporization, and heat transfer from impingement onto static and vibrating surfaces. Fluids, 5 (4). a188 1-24. ISSN 2311-5521

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Abstract

A numerical study is presented to examine the behavior of a single liquid droplet initially passing through air or steam, followed by impingement onto a static or vibrating surface. The fluid dynamic equations are solved using the Volume of Fluid method, which includes both viscous and surface tension effects, and the possibility of droplet evaporation when the impact surface is hot. Initially, dynamic behavior is examined for isothermal impingement of a droplet moving through air, first without and then with boundary vibration. Isothermal simulations are used to establish how droplet rebound conditions and the time interval between initial contact to detachment vary with droplet diameter for droplet impingement onto a stationary boundary. Heat transfer is then assessed for a liquid droplet initially at saturation temperature passing through steam, followed by contact with a hot vibrating boundary, in which droplet evaporation commences. The paper shows that, for droplet impingement onto a static boundary, the minimum impact velocity for rebound reduces linearly with droplet diameter, whereas the time interval between initial contact and detachment appears to increase linearly with droplet diameter. With the introduction of a vibrating surface, the minimum relative impact velocity for isothermal rebound is found to be higher than the minimum impact velocity for static boundary droplet rebound. For impingement onto a hot surface, in which droplet evaporation commences, it is shown that large-amplitude surface vibration reduces heat transfer, whereas low-amplitude high-frequency vibration appears to increase heat transfer.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Please note that this is an early access version. The complete PDF, HTML, and XML versions will be available soon
Keywords: liquid droplet, impingement, boundary vibration, bouncing, evaporation, heat transfer
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2020 08:12
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2020 08:12
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/94633

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