Sex differences in self-construal and in depressive symptoms: predictors of cross-national variation

Smith, Peter, Easterbrook, Matthew J, al-Selim, Heyla, Lun, Vivian Miu Chi, Koc, Yasin, Gul, Pelin, Papastylianou, Dona, Grigoryan, Lusine, Torres, Claudio, Efremova, Maria, Hassan, Bushra, Ahmad, Abd Halim, al-Bayati, Ahmed, Anderson, Joel, Cross, Susan E and others, (2020) Sex differences in self-construal and in depressive symptoms: predictors of cross-national variation. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 51 (7-8). pp. 616-635. ISSN 0022-0221

[img] PDF - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (454kB)
[img] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (277kB)

Abstract

Sex differences in aspects of independent versus interdependent self-construal and depressive symptoms were surveyed among 5,320 students from 24 nations. Men were found to perceive themselves as more self-contained whereas women perceived themselves as more connected to others. No significant sex differences were found on two further dimensions of self-construal, or on a measure of depressive symptoms. Multilevel modeling was used to test the ability of a series of predictors derived from a social identity perspective and from evolutionary theory to moderate sex differences. Contrary to most prior studies of personality, sex differences in self-construal were larger in samples from nations scoring lower on the Gender Gap Index, and the Human Development Index. Sex differences were also greater in nations with higher pathogen prevalence, higher self-reported religiosity, and in nations with high reported avoidance of settings with strong norms. The findings are discussed in terms of the interrelatedness of self-construals and the cultural contexts in which they are elicited and the distinctiveness of student samples.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2020 09:40
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2020 14:43
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/94253

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update