Development and demonstration of a high bandwidth, ultra sensitive trapped ion magnetometer

Potter, Ethan Robert (2019) Development and demonstration of a high bandwidth, ultra sensitive trapped ion magnetometer. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

This thesis describes an ion trap magnetometer, in which experimental hardware and theory for trapped ion magnetometry has been developed and demonstrated. Quantum magnetometry has been a fast expanding field in recent years due to the plethora of military, medical and security applications. The current quantum magnetometer literature has shown great improvements on the standard magnetometer success metrics such as sensitivity, spacial resolution, frequency tuneability, noise shielding and vector field resolution. Ion trap magnetometry could potentially boast several advantages over some of the better established methods such as, nano-meter spatial resolution, broadband tuneability over radio-frequency (RF) and microwave frequencies, and magnetic field noise shielding and sensitivity improvements through dynamic decoupling methods; all in room temperature environments.
The experimental setup discussed uses a micro-fabricated Paul trap for ion confinement due to the scalability of this technology. The method for sensing that was demonstrated utilises long-wavelength radiation dressed states to extend the coherence time of a single 171Yb+ ion beyond the bare states and to allow for a high level of frequency tuneability. The coherence times measured were T₂ = 0:645 s for RF field sensing at 15.616 MHz and T₂ = 1.153 s for microwave field sensing at 12.658466 GHz. Sensitivities of SB = 125.857 ± 26.155 pT/ √Hz for RF magnetic fields and SB = 102.054 ± 11.046 pT/ √Hz for microwave magnetic fields were achieved experimentally.
A novel micro-fabricated Paul trap for trapping multiple ion clusters was developed to improve sensitivity values by increasing the total number of trapped ions. The design confines ions over a two-dimensional surface spanning 0.65 x 1.00 mm which would also allow for magnetic field gradient measurements.
Efforts have been made to miniaturise certain experimental hardware to further the development of portable trapped ion experiments. For this, a miniaturised RF resonator that could be used for radial confinement of ions within Paul traps has been developed. At the current stage of development it is capable of applying a peak RF voltage of 114.9 V with a Q value of 70 at a resonant frequency of Ω/2π = 12.65 MHz.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC0501 Electricity and magnetism > QC0750 Magnetism
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2019 12:24
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2019 12:24
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/86934

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