Precariousness, gender, resistance and consent in the face of global production network’s ‘Reforms’ of Pakistan’s garment manufacturing industry

Ayaz, Muhammad, Muhammad, Junaid Ashraf and Hopper, Trevor (2019) Precariousness, gender, resistance and consent in the face of global production network’s ‘Reforms’ of Pakistan’s garment manufacturing industry. Work, Employment and Society, 33 (6). pp. 895-912. ISSN 0950-0170

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Abstract

This case study of the restructuring of Pakistan’s garment manufacturing industry explores how attempts to increase capital’s control over the labour process intersect with local patriarchal structures and trigger workers’ reflexivity and agency causing unanticipated consequences. Using Archer’s notion of agency, the article examines the theoretical space where capitalism meets patriarchy, and both are reproduced. The focus on reflexivity, anchored between objective contexts and agents’ personal concerns, helps theorize capital–labour–gender relations in global supply chains and explains workers’ impactful resistance to protect a supposedly precarious work regime. Our findings challenge the notion that globalization reduces workers’ agency and their potential for impactful resistance.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: garment manufacturing, gender, globalization, impactful resistance, Pakistan, precarious workers
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > Business and Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM0701 Social systems
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM0706 Social structure
H Social Sciences > HQ The Family. Marriage. Women
H Social Sciences > HQ The Family. Marriage. Women > HQ1075 Sex role
Depositing User: Trevor Hopper
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2019 08:40
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2020 16:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/84236

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