Conclusions: reassessing the framework

Avdagic, Sabina, Rhodes, Martin and Visser, Jelle (2011) Conclusions: reassessing the framework. In: Avdagic, Sabina, Rhodes, Martin and Visser, Jelle (eds.) Social Pacts in Europe: Emergence, Evolution and Institutionalization. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-959074-2

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This chapter assesses the book's analytical framework. Regarding social pact emergence, overall the evidence supports our central argument that pacts emerge via political processes driven by interests and power, not because of the role of ideas, through social learning, or via spontaneous coordination in response to problem loads. In instances of both success and failure, power balances, utilitarian costbenefit calculations as well as, ultimately, some 'shared perception' or appreciation of the problems or challenges ahead were critical in generating (or preventing) social pact responses. As for institutionalization, power-distributional mechanisms, often in combination with utilitarian concerns, are most frequently cited as explanation for both institutionalization and deinstitutionalization, and can trump functionalist pressures. Although we found that pacts sometimes produced cooperative norms, in no case were norms strong enough to determine institutionalization, or neutralize the effects of power shifts, severe economic setbacks, or dissatisfaction with outcomes.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: The first part of this chapter is written solely by me and it provides a comparative overview of the case studies and the way in which the analytical framework proposed by myself in chapter 3 applies to these cases.
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Politics
Depositing User: Sabina Avdagic
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 18:27
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2016 15:57
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