Items for Billingham, Norman

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Article

Bannister, Iveta, Billingham, Norman C and Armes, Steven P (2009) Monte Carlo Modeling of Living Branching Copolymerization of Monovinyl and Divinyl Monomers: Comparison of Simulated and Experimental Data for ATRP Copolymerization of Methacrylic Monomers. Soft Matter, 5. 3495 - 3504.

Broska, Rastislav, Billingham, Norman C and Fearon, Peter K (2008) Accelerating effect of poly(methyl methacrylate) on rubber oxidation, Part 1: A chemiluminescence study. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 93 (6). pp. 1100-1108. ISSN 0141-3910

Chiellini, Emo, Corti, Andrea, D'Antone,, Salvatore and Billingham, Norman C (2007) Microbial biomass yield and turnover in soil biodegradation tests: carbon substrate effects. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 15 (2). pp. 169-178.

Vo, Cong-Duan, Rosselgong, J, Armes, Steven P and Billingham, Norman C (2007) RAFT synthesis of branched acrylic copolymers. Macromolecules, 40. pp. 7119-7125.

Blakey, Idriss, Billingham, Norman and George, Graeme A (2007) Use of 9,10-diphenylanthracene as a contrast agent in chemiluminescence imaging: The observation of spreading of oxidative degradation in thin polypropylene films. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 92. pp. 2102-2109.

Bannister, Iveta, Billingham, Norman C, Armes, Steven P, Rannard, Steven P and Findlay, Paul (2006) Development of branching in living radical copolymerization of vinyl and divinyl monomers. Macromolecules, 39 (22). pp. 7483-7492. ISSN 0024-9297

Wesley, Robin D, Dreiss, Cecile A, Cosgrove, Terence, Armes, Steven P, Thompson, Laurie, Baines, Fiona L and Billingham, Norman C (2005) Structure of a hydrophilic-hydrophobic block copolymer and its interactions with salt and an anionic surfactant. Langmuir, 21 (11). pp. 4856-4861.

Butun, V, Bannister, I, Billingham, N C, Sherrington, D C and Armes, S P (2005) Synthesis and characterization of branched water-soluble homopolymers and diblock copolymers using group transfer polymerization. Macromolecules, 38 (12). pp. 4977-4982. ISSN 0024-9297

Billingham, N C, Bannister, Iveta, Sherrington, D C, Armes, S P and Bütün, V (2005) Synthesis and characterization of branched water-soluble homopolymers and diblock copolymers using group transfer polymerisation. Macromolecules, 38 (12). pp. 4977-4982. ISSN 0024-9297

Pospisil, J, Pilar, J, Billingham, N C, Marek, A, Horak, Z and Nespurek, S (2005) Factors affecting accelerated testing of polymer photostability. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 91 (3). pp. 417-422.

Salvage, Jonathon P, Rose, Susanna F, Phillips, Gary J, Hanlon, Geoffrey W, Lloyd, AW, Ma, Yinghua, Armes, Steven, Billingham, Norman C and Lewis, Andrew L (2005) Novel biocompatible phosphorylcholine-based self-assembled nanoparticles for drug delivery. Journal of Controlled Release, 104 (2). pp. 259-270.

Licciardi, M, Tang, Y, Billingham, N C, Armes, S P and Lewis, A L (2005) Synthesis of novel folic acid-functionalized biocompatible block copolymers by atom transfer radical polymerization for gene delivery and encapsulation of hydrophobic drugs. Biomacromolecules, 6 (2). pp. 1085-1096. ISSN 1525-7797

Billingham, N C and Kann, Y (2004) Chemiluminescence is shedding light on degradation and stabilisation of plasticised poly(vinyl chloride). Polymer Degradation and Stability, 85 (3). pp. 957-966.

Fearon, P K, Bigger, S W and Billingham, N C (2004) Dsc combined with chemiluminescence for studying polymer oxidation. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 76 (1). pp. 75-83.

Pospisil, J, Pilar, J, Marek, A, Billingham, N C, Horak, Z and Nespurek, S (2004) Environmental and micro-environmental influences affecting the performance of polymer stabilisers. Polymers and Polymer Composites, 12 (2). pp. 111-117.

Patel, Mogon, Skinner, Anthony R, Chaudhry, Amiya, Billingham, Norman C and Mahieu, Bernard (2004) Impact of thermal ageing on the tin catalyst species in room temperature vulcanised polysiloxane rubbers. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 83 (1). pp. 157-161.

Weaver, Jonathan V M, Tang, Yiqing, Liu, Shiyong, Iddon, Peter D, Grigg, Rachel, Billingham, Norman C, Armes, Steven P, Hunter, Robert and Rannard, Steven P (2004) Preparation of shell cross-linked micelles by polyelectrolyte complexation. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 43 (11). pp. 1389-1392. ISSN 1433-7851

West, Sofie L, Salvage, Jonathon P, Lobb, Emma J, Armes, Steven P, Billingham, Norman C, Lewis, Andrew L, Hanlon, Geoffrey W and Lloyd, Andrew W (2004) The biocompatibility of crosslinkable copolymer coatings containing sulfobetaines and phosphobetaines. Biomaterials, 25 (7). pp. 1195-1204.

Billingham, Norman and Grigg, M N (2004) The kinetic order of decomposition of polymer hydroperoxides assessed by chemiluminescence. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 83 (3). pp. 441-451.

Tang, Yiqing, Liu, Shiyong Y, Armes, Steven P and Billingham, Norman C (2003) Solubilisation and controlled release of a model hydrophobic drug using novel micelle-forming ABC triblock copolymers. Biomacromolecules, 4 (6). pp. 1636-1645. ISSN 1525-7797

Lewis, Alexandra K de K, Caddick, Stephen, Cloke, F Geoffrey N, Billingham, Norman C, Hitchcock, Peter B and Leonard, John (2003) Synthetic, Structural, and Mechanistic studies on the oxidative addition of Aromatic Chlorides to a palladium (N-heterocyclic carbene) complex: Relevance to catalytic amination. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125 (33). pp. 10066-10073. ISSN 0002-7863

Benavides, R, Gonzalez-Hernandez, R, Gonzalez-Cantu, M C, Eyes-Vielma, B and Billingham, N C (2003) Accelerated degradation of highly loaded polypropylene. Journal of Vinyl & Additive Technology, 9 (1). pp. 41-49.

Watts, P C P, Fearon, P K, Hsu, W K, Billingham, N C, Kroto, H W and Walton, D R M (2003) Carbon nanotubes as polymer antioxidants. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 13 (3). pp. 491-495.

Pospisil, J, Horak, Z, Pilar, J, Nespurek, S, Billingham, N C and Habicher, W D (2003) Effect of testing conditions on performance and durability of stabilisers in plastics. Polymers and Polymer Composites, 11 (2). pp. 81-90.

Benavides, R, Ponce-Ibarra, V H, Reyes-Vielma, B and Billingham, N C (2003) Environmental degradation of highly loaded polypropylene. Journal of Vinyl & Additive Technology, 9 (1). pp. 32-40.

Pospisil, J, Horak, Z, Pilar, J, Billingham, N C, Zweifel, H and Nespurek, S (2003) Influence of testing conditions on the performance and durability of polymer stabilisers in thermal oxidation. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 82 (2). pp. 145-162.

Salvage, J P, Hanlon, G W, Phillips, G J, West, S L, Lloyd, AW, Lewis, AL, Lobb, E J, Ma, I, Billingham, N C, Armes, S P and Lewis, A L (2003) Novel biocompatible block copolymers for drug delivery. Journal of Controlled Release, 87 (1). pp. 230-233.

Kann, Yelena and Billingham, Norman C (2003) Photoluminescent properties of flexible PVC compounds and their interpretation for performance analysis of automotive exterior parts. Journal of Vinyl & Additive Technology, 9 (1). pp. 12-18.

Tang, Yiqing, Liu, Shiyong Y, Armes, Steven P and Billingham, Norman C (2003) Solubilization and controlled release of a hydrophobic drug using novel micelle-forming ABC triblock copolymers. Biomacromolecules, 4 (2). pp. 1636-1645.

Ma, Yinghua, Tang, Yiqing, Billingham, Norman C, Armes, Steven P and Lewis, Andrew L (2003) Synthesis of biocompatible, stimuli-responsive, physical gels based on ABA triblock copolymers. Biomacromolecules, 4 (4). pp. 864-868.

An, S W, Thomas, R K, Forder, C, Billingham, N C, Armes, S P and Penfold, J (2002) Behavior of nonionic water soluble homopolymers at the air/water interface: Neutron reflectivity and surface tension results for poly(vinyl methyl ether). Langmuir, 18 (13). pp. 5064-5073.

Fearon, Peter K, Billingham, Norman C, Phease, Tanya L and Bigger, Stephen W (2002) A new approach to quantitatively assessing the effects of polymer additives. Polymer, 43 (17). pp. 4611-4618.

Liu, Shiyong, Weaver, Jonathan V M, Tang, Yiqing, Billingham, Norman C and Armes, Steven P (2002) Synthesis of shell cross-linked micelles with pH-responsive cores using ABC triblock copolymers. Macromolecules, 35 (16). pp. 6121-6131.

Whitby, Raymond L D, Hsu, Wen Kuang, Fearon, Peter K, Billingham, Norman C, Maurin, Isabelle, Kroto, Harold W, Walton, David, Boothroyd, Christopher B, Firth, Steven, Clark, Robin J H and Collison, David (2002) Multiwalled carbon nanotubes coated with tungsten disulfide. Chemistry of Materials, 14 (5). pp. 2209-2217.

Liu, Shiyong, Billingham, Norman C and Armes, Steven P (2001) A schizophrenic water-soluble diblock copolymer. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 40 (12). pp. 2328-2331. ISSN 1433-7851

Blakey, I, George, G A and Billingham, N C (2001) Energy transfer and activated chemiluminescence during thermal oxidation of polypropylene: Evidence for chemically induced electron exchange luminescence. Macromolecules, 34 (26). pp. 9130-9138.

Billingham, N C and Lazare, L (2001) Diffusion of a UV-stabiliser in some poly (ester-block-ether) copolymers. Polymer, 42 (23). pp. 9461-9467. ISSN 0032-3861

Vamvakaki, Maria, Billingham, Norman C, Armes, Steven P, Watts, John F and Greaves, Stephen J (2001) Controlled structure copolymers for the dispersion of highperformance ceramics in aqueous media. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 11 (10). pp. 2437-2444.

Vamvakaki, M, Hadjiyannokou, S C, Loizidou, E, Patrickios, C S, Armes, S P and Billingham, N C (2001) Synthesis and characterization of novel networks with nano-engineered structures: Cross-linked star homopolymers. Chemistry of Materials, 13 (12). pp. 4738-4744.

Vamvakaki, M, Unali, G F, Butun, V, Boucher, S, Robinson, K L, Billingham, N C and Armes, S P (2001) Effect of partial quaternization on the aqueous solution properties of tertiary amine-based polymeric surfactants: Unexpected separation of surface activity and cloud point behavior. Macromolecules, 34 (20). pp. 6839-6841.

Lobb, Emma J, Ma, Iris, Billingham, Norman C, Armes, Steven P and Lewis, Andrew L (2001) Facile synthesis of well-defined, biocompatible phosphorylcholine-based methacrylate copolymers via atom transfer radical polymerization at 20 C. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 123 (32). pp. 7913-7914.

Butun, V, Armes, S P and Billingham, N C (2001) Synthesis and aqueous solution properties of near-monodisperse tertiary amine methacrylate homopolymers and diblock copolymers. Polymer, 42 (14). pp. 5993-6008.

Fearon, Peter K, Whiteman, David J, Billingham, Norman C and Bigger, Stephen W (2001) The Second Time Derivative Analysis of Chemiluminescence Emission Profiles and its Application to the Accurate Determinataion of Oxidative Induction Times,. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 79 (11). pp. 1986-1993.

Chaudhry, A N and Billingham, N C (2001) Characterisation and oxidative degradation of a room-temperature vulcanised poly(dimethylsiloxane) rubber. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 73 (3). pp. 505-510. ISSN 0141-3910

Billingham, Norman, Armes, Steven and Butun, V (2001) Selective quaternisation of 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate residues in tertiary amine methacrylate diblock copolymers. Macromolecules, 34 (5). pp. 1148-1159. ISSN 0024-9297

Billingham, N C and Gracia-Trabajo, P (2001) Physical Chemistry of a Phosphite Processing Stabiliser in Polypropylene Part 1: Solubility. Polymer Engineering and Science, 41 (3). pp. 417-425.

Billingham, Norman C, Bigger, Stephen W and Hodgson, Steven C (2001) Studying synthetic polymers in the undergraduate chemistry curriculum - A review of the educational literature. Journal of Chemical Education, 78 (4). pp. 555-556. ISSN 0021-9584

Butun, Vural, Armes, Steven P, Billingham, Norman C, Tuzar, Zdenek, Rankin, A, Eastoe, J and Heenan, R K (2001) The remarkable `flip-flop' self assembly of a diblock copolymer in aqueous solution. Macromolecules, 34 (5). pp. 1503-1511.

Fearon, Peter K, Marshall, Niall, Billingham, Norman C and Bigger, Stephen W (2001) Evaluation of the Oxidative Stability of Multi-Extruded Polypropylene as Assessed by Physicomechanical Testing and Simultaneous Differential Scanning Calorimetry-Chemiluminescence. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 79 (4). pp. 733-741.

Lazare, L and Billingham, N C (2001) Solubility of a UV-stabiliser in some poly(ester-block-ether) copolymers. Polymer, 42 (3). pp. 1001-1007.

Milling, Andrew J, Richards, Randal L, Baines, Fiona L, Armes, Steven P and Billingham, Norman C (2001) Surface viscoelastic parameters of poly(( dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate-methyl methacrylate) diblock copolymer solutions: pH dependence of the evolution of the equilibrium values. Macromolecules, 34 (12). pp. 4173-4179.

Butun, V, Lowe, A B, Billingham, N C and Armes, S P (1999) Synthesis of Zwitterionic Shell Cross-Linked Micelles. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 121. 4288 - 4289.

Butun, V, Billingham, N C and Armes, S P (1998) Unusual Aggregation Behavior of a Novel Tertiary Amine Methacrylate-Based Diblock Copolymer: Formation of Micelles and Reverse Micelles in Aqueous Solution. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 120. 11818 - 11819. ISSN 0002-7863

Ma, Iris Y, Lobb, Emma J, Billingham, Norman C, Armes, Steven P, Lewis, Andrew L, Lloyd, Andrew W and Salvage, Jonathan (1980) Synthesis of biocompatible polymers. 1. Homopolymerization of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine via ATRP in protic solvents: An optimization study. Macromolecules, 35 (25). pp. 9306-9314.

Cran, Marlene J, Fearon, Peter K, Billingham, Norman C and Bigger, Stephen W (1980) Application of chemiluminescence to probe miscibility in metallocene-catalyzed polyethylene blends. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 89 (11). pp. 3006-3015. ISSN 0021-8995

Ma, Xingdong, Tang, Yiqing, Billingham, Norman C, Armes, Steven P, Lewis, Andrew L, Lloyd, Andrew W and Salvage, Jonathan P (1980) Well-defined biocompatible block copolymers via atom transfer radical polymerization of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine in protic media. Macromolecules, 36. pp. 3475-3484. ISSN 0024-9297

Book Section

Billingham, Norman (2003) Environmentally degradable plastics based on oxo-biodegradation of conventional polyolefins. In: Chiellini, E and Solaro, R (eds.) Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics. Kluwer/Plenum Academic. ISBN 9780306478840

Billingham, Norman (2002) Degradation of Polymers. In: Encyclopaedia of Polymer Science and Technology. Wiley. ISBN 9780471440260

Billingham, Norman (2002) Fundamentals of Polymer Degradation and Stabilisation. In: LaMantia, FP (ed.) Handbook of Plastics Recycling. Smithers RAPRA, pp. 23-64. ISBN 9781859573259

Billingham, Norman, Armes, Steven, Lobb, Emma, Ma, Yinghua, Salvage, JP, Lewis, AL and Lloyd, AW (2002) Novel biocompatible block copolymers for drug delivery. In: Unset Elsevier, pp. 230-232.

Billingham, Norman (2001) Advanced Analytical Techniques for Studying Polymer Oxidation: Chemiluminescence Combined with Scanning Calorimetry. In: Mallinson, Les (ed.) Ageing Studies and Lifetime Extension of Materials. Springer, pp. 241-248. ISBN 9780306464775

Edited Book

Celina, Matthew C, Wiggins, Jeffrey S and Billingham, Norman C, eds. (2009) Polymer degradation and performance. ACS symposium series . American Chemical Society, Washington, D. C.. ISBN 9780841269781

This list was generated on Wed May 24 21:54:34 2017 BST.