Estimation of bias in the measurement of ‘hot spots’ on contaminated land

Squire, Sharon, Ramsey, Michael H and Gardner, Michael J (1998) Estimation of bias in the measurement of ‘hot spots’ on contaminated land. Contaminated Soil ’98, The Sixth International FZK/TNO Conference on Contaminated Soil, Edinburgh, UK, 17 - 21 May 1998. Published in: Contaminated Soil ’98: The proceedings of ConSoil '98, the sixth international FZK/TNO conference on contaminated soil. 2 861-862. Thomas Telford, London, UK. ISBN 9780727746566

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A synthetic sampling target has been constructed for the estimation of sampling bias and the estimation of measurement uncertainty, using inter-organisational sampling trials. The approach provides realistic estimates of uncertainty whatever sampling protocol is applied, which is in contrast to the idea of assuming that a 'correct' sampling protocol will give a representative, and unbiased sample. As this investigation is still in progress the complete results are not yet available.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Additional Information: Private copy available by emailing
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Evolution, Behaviour and Environment
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2021 08:23
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2021 15:03

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