Serum HDL cholesterol uptake capacity in subjects from the MASHAD cohort study: its value in determining the risk of cardiovascular endpoints

Aghasizadeh, Malihe, Samadi, Sara, Sahebkar, Amirhossein, Miri-Moghaddam, Ebrahim, Esmaily, Habibollah, Souktanloo, Mohamad, Avan, Amir, Mansoori, Amin, Ferns, Gordon A, Kazemi, Tooba and Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid (2021) Serum HDL cholesterol uptake capacity in subjects from the MASHAD cohort study: its value in determining the risk of cardiovascular endpoints. Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis, 35 (6). e23770. ISSN 0887-8013

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Abstract

Background: The efficiency of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) to efflux cholesterol contributes to the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) pathway as one of HDL’s proposed functions and depends on the ability of HDL to uptake cholesterol. We aimed to investigate cholesterol uptake capacity (CUC) by a newly developed assay in samples from the MASHAD (Mashhad Stroke and Heart Atherosclerotic Disorders) cohort study.

Method: The study population comprised 153 individuals developed CVD diagnosed by a specialist cardiologist, over 6 years of follow-up, and 350 subjects without CVD. We used a modified CUC method to evaluate the functionality of HDL in serum samples.

Result: The CUC assay was highly reproducible with values for inter- and intra-assay variation of 13.07 and 6.65, respectively. The mean serum CUC was significantly lower in the CVD group compared to control (p = 0.01). Although, there were no significant differences in serum HDL-C between the groups and there was no significantly association with risk of progressive CVD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was a significantly negative association between CUC and risk of CVD after adjustment for confounding parameters (OR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.38–0.87, p = 0.009). The CUC was also inversely and independently associated with the risk of CVD event using Cox proportional hazards models analysis (HR = 0.62; 95% CI = 0.41–0.94, p = 0.02). We determined the optimum cutoff value of 1.7 a.u for CUC in the population. Furthermore, the CUC value was important in determining the CVD risk stratification derived from data mining analysis.

Conclusions: Reduced HDL functionality, as measured by CUC, appears to predict CVD in population sample from north-eastern Iran.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2021 13:49
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2021 13:49
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/99727

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