MAPK-activated transcription factor PxJun suppresses PxABCB1 expression and confers resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac toxin in Plutella xylostella (L.)

Qin, Jianying, Guo, Le, Ye, Fan, Kang, Shi, Sun, Dan, Zhu, Liuhong, Bai, Yang, Cheng, Zhouqiang, Xu, Linzheng, Ouyang, Chunzheng, Xiao, Lifeng, Wang, Shaoli, Wu, Qingjun, Zhou, Xuguo, Crickmore, Neil, Zhou, Xiaomao, Guo, Zhaojiang and Zhang, Youjun (2021) MAPK-activated transcription factor PxJun suppresses PxABCB1 expression and confers resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac toxin in Plutella xylostella (L.). Applied and Environmental Microbiology. ISSN 0099-2240

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Abstract

Deciphering the molecular mechanisms underlying insect resistance to Cry toxins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is pivotal for the sustainable utilization of Bt biopesticides and transgenic Bt crops. Previously, we identified that MAPK-mediated reduced expression of the PxABCB1 gene is associated with Bt Cry1Ac resistance in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.). However, the underlying transcriptional regulation mechanism remains enigmatic. Herein, the PxABCB1 promoter in Cry1Ac-susceptible and Cry1Ac-resistant P. xylostella strains was cloned and analyzed and found to contain a putative Jun binding site (JBS). A dual-luciferase reporter assay and yeast one-hybrid assay (Y1H) demonstrated that the transcription factor PxJun repressed PxABCB1 expression by interacting with this JBS. The expression levels of PxJun were increased in the midguts of all resistant strains compared to the susceptible strain. Silencing of PxJun expression significantly elevated PxABCB1 expression and Cry1Ac susceptibility in the resistant NIL-R strain, and silencing of PxMAP4K4 expression decreased PxJun expression and also increased PxABCB1 expression. These results indicate that MAPK-activated PxJun suppresses PxABCB1 expression to confer Cry1Ac resistance in P. xylostella, deepening our understanding of the transcriptional regulation of midgut Cry receptor genes and the molecular basis of insect resistance to Bt Cry toxins.ImportanceThe transcriptional regulation mechanisms underlying reduced expression of Bt toxin receptor genes in Bt-resistant insects remain elusive. This study unveils that a transcription factor PxJun activated by the MAPK signaling pathway represses PxABCB1 expression and confers Cry1Ac resistance in P. xylostella Our results provide new insights into the transcriptional regulation mechanisms of midgut Cry receptor genes and deepen our understanding of the molecular basis of insect resistance to Bt Cry toxins. To our knowledge, this study identified the first transcription factor that can be involved in the transcriptional regulation mechanisms of midgut Cry receptor genes in Bt-resistant insects.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 10 May 2021 08:15
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2021 01:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/98922

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