When discrimination is worse, autonomy is key: How women entrepreneurs leverage job autonomy resources to find work–life balance

De Clercq, Dirk and Brieger, Steven A (2021) When discrimination is worse, autonomy is key: How women entrepreneurs leverage job autonomy resources to find work–life balance. Journal of Business Ethics. ISSN 0167-4544 (Accepted)

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Abstract

This article examines the relationship between women entrepreneurs’ job autonomy and work–life balance, with a particular focus on how this relationship might be augmented by environments that discriminate against women, whether socio-economically, institutionally, or culturally. Multisource data pertaining to 5,334 women entrepreneurs from 37 countries indicate that their sense of job autonomy increases the likelihood that they feel satisfied with their ability to balance the needs of their work with those of their personal life. This process is particularly prominent when they operate in countries characterized by discriminatory socio-economic and institutional conditions, though a mitigating instead of invigorating effect arises in culturally discriminatory settings. For business ethics scholars and practitioners, these findings indicate how the extent to which women entrepreneurs, seeking to combine professional and private responsibilities, derive benefits from initiatives aimed at enhancing their job-related freedom critically depends on whether they operate in adverse external environments.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: women entrepreneurship, work–life balance, job autonomy, gender discrimination, macro-level environment, conservation of resources theory, emancipation theory
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > Strategy and Marketing
Depositing User: Steven Brieger
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2021 09:54
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2021 10:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/96622

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