When women abuse: female violence in the long-term relationships in Poland

Zukowska, Dorota Ewa (2021) When women abuse: female violence in the long-term relationships in Poland. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Download (15MB)


This exploratory research investigates the reasons for and perpetration of domestic violence and coercive control by women towards their long-term current or former male partners. It identifies several measurable characteristics of the alleged perpetrators, victims, their relationships, and the Judicial System's response to the cases reported.

It aims to identify the key variables that play a role in abuse perpetration and the areas for further research.

Non-random, consecutive samples of data were retrieved from the prosecution and court case files: of 50 cases in Warsaw and 134 in Lublin, Poland. The areas with a similar number of inhabitants were sampled.

A mixed-method was applied to record the information; qualitative data were converted into categorical variables to conduct descriptive and inferential statistics: Chi² test of association and multiple Z-tests of two proportions with Boneferroni adjustment. The samples were compared with the non-criminal population of Poland for the number of children and the structure of education.
Results showed the main themes emerging: economic issues, women empowerment, alcohol, age and age difference between the partners, self-defence and defending children.

Many similarities between the criminal samples from both places in the age structure of partners, number of children, patterns of age and income differences, and alcohol use during the perpetration were found, however, the differences in reporting self-defence, and education structure were present.
The abuse was mostly bidirectional; a mixture of more than one kind of coercive control tactics and physical abuse; while the reasons related to the use of the family property and monetary resources. The reasons for violence use varied for the women with three and more children depending on whether they enlisted the accomplices or abused alone.

The implications of the findings and areas for future research are discussed.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Sociology
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > HV6001 Criminology > HV6251 Crimes and offences > HV6493 Crimes against the person > HV6625 Abuse of person > HV6626 Family violence. Domestic violence. Conjugal violence including wife abuse and husband abuse
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2021 13:56
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2021 13:56
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/96438

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update