On the use of additive manufacturing for atom trapping components in quantum technologies

Evans, William (2020) On the use of additive manufacturing for atom trapping components in quantum technologies. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

This thesis details the advances made in the use of additive manufacturing to produce magnetic field generating devices and vacuum components for atomic quantum technologies. Cold atomic clouds are used across a suite of quantum sensors including magnetometers, gravimeters and navigational interferometers; as these sensors approach industrial use, they must be translated from laboratory systems to portable devices. The discussion focuses on a number of devices that demonstrate the benefits provided by this approach. Specifically, the devices discussed are a current carrying cylinder trapping device, an ultra-high vacuum (UHV) chamber and a hollow-core coil mount device. This thesis also covers a range of auxiliary developments that have been made alongside the main body of work including a microprocessor-based control system and a pre-cooling stage for cold atom experiments.

To begin this thesis reviews the underlying physical phenomena which are exploited when trapping neutral atoms. In particular, it is important to understand the details of the specific case when working with rubidium-87, including the relevant energy levels diagrams and corresponding laser frequencies. This allows for the discussion of the key forces that are used in magneto-optical trapping (MOT) and magnetic trapping including the origin of the magnetic fields generated by these devices using the Biot-Savart law.

The key results that are presented in this thesis centre on the efficacy of these devices as atom traps for quantum technologies and atomic experiments. The atom trap cylinder is capable of trapping 108 rubidium atoms at a temperature of 20 µK, demonstrating the feasibility of this approach. The hollow coil mount device presents a viable route for magnetic trapping. Lastly, the UHV chamber operates in the range of 10−10 mbar as necessary for atomic physics experiments.

In addition, this thesis reviews the design of a pre-cooling stage for complex atomic experiments and a simplified experimental control system. These are addressed in a systematic approach to the experimental constituents with a comparison between complex fundamental physics experiments and the developments made towards a portable quantum technology device.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC0170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter Including molecular physics, relativity, quantum theory, and solid state physics > QC0174.12 Quantum theory. Quantum mechanics
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2020 11:50
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2020 11:50
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/95828

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