SCIRT lncRNA restrains tumorigenesis by opposing transcriptional programs of tumor-initiating cells

Zagorac, Sladjana, de Giorgio, Alex, Dabrowska, Aleksandra, Kalisz, Mark, Casas-Vila, Nuria, Cathcart, Paul, Yiu, Angela, Ottaviani, Silvia, Degani, Neta, Lombardo, Ylenia, Tweedie, Alistair, Nissan, Tracy, Vance, Keith W, Ulitsky, Igor, Stebbing, Justin and Castellano, Leandro (2020) SCIRT lncRNA restrains tumorigenesis by opposing transcriptional programs of tumor-initiating cells. Cancer Research. ISSN 0008-5472

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Abstract

In many tumors, cells transition reversibly between slow-proliferating tumor-initiating cells (TIC) and their differentiated, faster-growing progeny. Yet how transcriptional regulation of cell cycle and self-renewal genes is orchestrated during these conversions remains unclear. In this study, we show that as breast TIC form, a decrease in cell-cycle and increase in self-renewal gene expression is coregulated by SOX2 and EZH2, which colocalize at CpG islands. This pattern was negatively controlled by a novel long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) that we name SCIRT, which was markedly upregulated in tumorspheres but colocalized with and counteracted EZH2 and SOX2 during cell cycle and self-renewal regulation to restrain tumorigenesis. SCIRT specifically interacted with EZH2 to increase EZH2 affinity to FOXM1 without binding the latter. In this manner, SCIRT induced transcription at cell cycle gene promoters by recruiting FOXM1 through EZH2 to antagonize EZH2-mediated effects at target genes. Conversely, on stemness genes, FOXM1 was absent and SCIRT antagonized EZH2 and SOX2 activity, balancing towards repression. These data suggest that the interaction of a lncRNA with EZH2 can alter the affinity of EZH2 for its protein binding partners to regulate cancer cell state transitions.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Tracy Nissan
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2020 10:27
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2021 02:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/95009

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