Health and well-being issues of Nepalese migrant workers in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries and Malaysia: a systematic review

Paudyal, Priyamvada, Kulasabanathan, Kavian, Cassell, Jackie A, Memon, Anjum, Simkhada, Padam and Wasti, Sharada Prasad (2020) Health and well-being issues of Nepalese migrant workers in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries and Malaysia: a systematic review. BMJ Open, 10 (10). a038439 1-18. ISSN 2044-6055

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Abstract

Objective
To summarise the evidence on health and well-being of Nepalese migrant workers in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and Malaysia.

Design
Systematic review.

Data sources
EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus and Global Health databases.

Eligibility criteria
Studies were eligible if they: (1) included Nepalese migrant workers aged 18 or older working in the GCC countries or Malaysia or returnee migrant workers from these countries; (2) were primary studies that investigated health and well-being status/issues; and (3) were published in English language before 8 May 2020.

Study appraisal
All included studies were critically appraised using Joanna Briggs Institute study specific tools.

Results
A total of 33 studies were eligible for inclusion; 12 studies were conducted in Qatar, 8 in Malaysia, 9 in Nepal, 2 in Saudi Arabia and 1 each in UAE and Kuwait. In majority of the studies, there was a lack of disaggregated data on demographic characteristics of Nepalese migrant workers. Nearly half of the studies (n=16) scored as ‘high’ quality and the rest (n=17) as ‘moderate’ quality. Five key health and well-being related issues were identified in this population: (1) occupational hazards; (2) sexual health; (3) mental health; (4) healthcare access and (5) infectious diseases.

Conclusion
To our knowledge, this is the most comprehensive review of the health and well-being of Nepalese migrant workers in the GCC countries and Malaysia. This review highlights an urgent need to identify and implement policies and practices across Nepal and destination countries to protect the health and well-being of migrant workers.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Migration, GCC countries, Health, Wellness, Nepalese
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Depositing User: Priyamvada Paudyal
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2020 10:09
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2020 13:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/94055

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Hospitality, travelling and disease: co-producing a culturally adaptive storytelling intervention with migrants and familiesG2626UKRIUnset