GaAs/Al0.8Ga0.2As separate absorption and multiplication region x-ray spectroscopic avalanche photodiodes

Whitaker, M D C, Lioliou, G, Krysa, A B and Barnett, A M (2020) GaAs/Al0.8Ga0.2As separate absorption and multiplication region x-ray spectroscopic avalanche photodiodes. Journal of Applied Physics, 128 (1). a015704. ISSN 0021-8979

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A GaAs/Al0.8Ga0.2As separate absorption and multiplication (SAM) x-ray avalanche photodiode (APD) structure was grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy. Mesa photodiodes of different diameters (200 μm and 400 μm) were fabricated from the structure. Two of the photodiodes (one of each diameter) were characterized at 20 °C for their electrical properties and response to x rays using an 55Fe radioisotope x-ray (Mn Kα = 5.9 keV; Mn Kβ = 6.49 keV) source. An energy resolution of 508 eV ± 5 eV full width at half maximum (FWHM) at 5.9 keV was achieved at an apparent avalanche gain, M, of 1.1. This is the best energy resolution so far reported for GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs x-ray SAM APDs. The noise components associated with the achievable spectroscopic energy resolutions are reported. Comparisons between the 200 μm and 400 μm diameter GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs SAM x-ray APDs and recently studied GaAs p+-i-n+ detectors were made, showing that the inclusion of the avalanche layer improves the achievable energy resolution; energy resolutions of 508 eV FWHM at 5.9 keV at M = 1.1 and 603 eV FWHM at 5.9 keV at M = 1.2 were achieved with the 200 μm and 400 μm diameter GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs SAM x-ray APDs, respectively; this is better than was previously reported for similar devices without avalanche layers: 690 eV FWHM at 5.9 keV and 730 eV FWHM at 5.9 keV for 200 μm and 400 μm diameter GaAs p+-i-n+ detectors, respectively [Lioliou et al., J. Appl. Phys. 122, 244506 (2017)].

Item Type: Article
Keywords: GaAs, lGaAs, SAM, APD, X-ray detector, Spectroscopy
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2020 07:25
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2022 11:23

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Philip Leverhulme Prize - EngineeringG2055LEVERHULME TRUSTPLP-2016-285