The development and validation of the Adolescent Level of Contact with Dementia Scale (ALoCDs)

Parveen, Sahdia, Griffiths, Alys Wyn and Farina, Nicolas (2020) The development and validation of the Adolescent Level of Contact with Dementia Scale (ALoCDs). International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. ISSN 0885-6230

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As the number of people living with dementia increases, reducing stigma has become a policy priority. One way of decreasing stigma is through contact with the stigmatised group. However, the impact of this is difficult to establish due to a lack of validated measures suitable for adolescents. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a level of contact questionnaire designed to assess adolescents’ contact with people living with dementia.

Participants were recruited from five schools in two studies (N = 446 and N = 488) and completed the preliminary 11‐item version of the Adolescent Level of Contact of Dementia (ALoCD).

Study 1 explored the factor structure of the ALoCD, revealing two factors “direct contact” and “indirect contact”. Study 2 confirmed the structure of the ALoCD and tested for discriminant validity. These two studies resulted in a nine‐item scale that showed adequate internal consistency (α = .89, α = .62) and discriminant validity between those who did and did not live with a person with dementia.

The development of this scale enables assessment of direct (eg, living with a person with dementia) and indirect (watching a TV show about dementia) contact with dementia, and the extent of this contact. This initial validation suggests a psychometrically sound scale but further research should be undertaken to fully explore the properties of the scale.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Children, Scale, Alzheimer's Disease, Measurement, Stigma, Contact
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Neuroscience
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 26 May 2020 07:46
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2020 12:30

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