Novel 3D printed device with integrated macroscale magnetic field triggerable anti-cancer drug delivery system

Shi, Kejing, Aviles-Espinosa, Rodrigo, Rendon-Morales, Elizabeth, Woodbine, Lisa, Maniruzzaman, Mohammed and Nokhodchi, Ali (2020) Novel 3D printed device with integrated macroscale magnetic field triggerable anti-cancer drug delivery system. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 192. a111068. ISSN 0927-7765

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Abstract

With the growing demand for personalized medicine and medical devices, the impact of on-demand triggerable (e.g., via magnetic fields) drug delivery systems increased significantly in recent years. The three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has already been applied in the development of personalized dosage forms because of its high-precision and accurate manufacturing ability. In this study, a novel magnetically triggerable drug delivery device composed of a magnetic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) sponge cylinder and a 3D printed reservoir was designed, fabricated and characterized. This system can realize a switch between “on” and “off” state easily through the application of different magnetic fields and from different directions. Active and repeatable control of the localized drug release could be achieved by the utilization of magnetic fields to this device due to the shrinking extent of the macro-porous magnetic sponge inside. The switching “on” state of drug-releasing could be realized by the magnetic bar contacted with the side part of the device because the times at which 50%, 80% and 90% (w/w) of the drug were dissolved are observed to be 20, 55 and 140 min, respectively. In contrast, the switching “off” state of drug-releasing could be realized by the magnetic bar placed at the bottom of the device as only 10% (w/w) of the drug could be released within 12 h. An anti-cancer substance, 5-fluorouracil (FLU), was used as the model drug to illustrate the drug release behaviour of the device under different strengths of magnetic fields applied. In vitro cell culture studies also demonstrated that the stronger the magnetic field applied, the higher the drug release from the deformed PDMS sponge cylinder and thus more obvious inhibition effects on Trex cell growth. All results confirmed that the device can provide a safe, long-term, triggerable and reutilizable way for localized disease treatment such as cancer.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > RS0153 Materia medica > RS0200 Pharmaceutical dosage forms
Depositing User: Ali Nokhodchi
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 07:55
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 08:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/91141

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