Prevention of iron-deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers

Sundararajan, Sripriya and Rabe, Heike (2020) Prevention of iron-deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers. Pediatric Research. ISSN 0031-3998

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Abstract

Anemia, defined as a low blood hemoglobin concentration, is a major global public health problem. Identification of anemia is crucial to public health interventions. It is estimated globally that 273 million children under 5 years of age were anemic in 2011, and about ~50% of those cases were attributable to iron deficiency (1). Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infants adversely impacts short-term hematological indices and long-term neuro-cognitive functions of learning and memory that result in both fatigue and low economic productivity. IDA contributes to death and disability and is an important risk factor for maternal and perinatal mortality, including the risks for stillbirths, prematurity and low-birth weight (2). Reduction in early infantile anemia and newborn mortality rates is possible with easily implemented, low- to no-cost intervention such as delayed cord clamping (DCC). DCC until one to three minutes after birth facilitates placental transfusion and iron-rich blood flow to the newborn. DCC, an effective anemia prevention strategy requires cooperation among health providers involved in childbirth, and a participatory culture change in public health. Public intervention strategies must consider multiple factors associated with anemia listed in this review before designing intervention studies that aim to reduce anemia prevalence in infants and toddlers.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ0251 Newborn infants Including physiology, care, treatment, diseases
Depositing User: Katie Isaac
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2020 07:29
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2020 07:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/91076

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