Reconfigurable mid-air displays

Norasikin, Mohd Adili (2020) Reconfigurable mid-air displays. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

This thesis addressed the difficulties involved in reconfiguring permeable mid-air displays (e.g., fog screens) through the experimental investigations of three interactive prototypes: MistForm, SoundBender, and SonicSpray. Each of the prototypes includes their specific reconfigurability techniques. The discussion begins in Chapter 1. Chapter 2 described a straightforward technique used by MistForm to coarsely and mechanically reconfigure the permeable mid-air display. MistForm can adaptively deform its display surface to a specific condition through linear mist emitters controlled by five actuators. It is capable of turning problems into solutions, for example, a concave display can be used as a shared screen while convex shape as a personal screen. However, the investigation found the MistForm to be large and noisy. These challenges have led to a study investigation of SoundBender in Chapter 3. Chapter 3 described an investigation of a hybrid technique that reconfigured non-solid diffusers. The method can precisely manipulate any given complex sound field, encoded by a metamaterial (MM) mounted on phased array transducer (PAT). The force from the sound affected the surrounding particles. The technique can be used to reconfigure matter such as paper, mist, and flame in air space. However, the chapter did not focus on coordinating its use specifically for permeable mid-air displays. Therefore, this thesis carried out an investigation of SonicSpray in Chapter 4. It describes a technique to reconfigure mid-air display of permeable matter (i.e., aerosols) precisely by using a small farm factor PAT. This thesis ends with a conclusion in Chapter 5. The next generation of mid-air displays needs to be in small form factor, multipurpose and controllable, which have been introduced and demonstrated in this thesis. The research in this thesis can facilitate the future design of displays. However, this thesis highlights the response rate of the permeable particles, the primary concern yet to be solved. The airflow speed of the particles was found to be decreased proportionally to the number of transducers used. In the future, for better control the display, researchers should improve the response rate of the particles, for example, using sources with higher sound power.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Informatics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA0075 Electronic computers. Computer science > QA0076.9.A-Z Other topics, A-Z > QA0076.9.H85 Human-computer interaction
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2020 15:46
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2020 15:46
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/90379

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