Believing is achieving: a longitudinal study of self-efficacy and positive affect in resettled refugees

Tip, Linda K, Brown, Rupert, Morrice, Linda, Collyer, Michael and Easterbrook, Matthew J (2020) Believing is achieving: a longitudinal study of self-efficacy and positive affect in resettled refugees. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1369-183X

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Abstract

Research has shown that self-efficacy can play an important role in recovery from trauma (Benight and Bandura 2004). We hypothesised that for refugees, whose (often traumatic) experiences pre- and post-resettlement have been linked to a decrease in their wellbeing (e.g., Aspinall and Watters 2010), self-efficacy would play a key role in improving wellbeing. This paper investigates the link between self-efficacy and positive affect among resettled refugees (N = 180). Research used mixed methods. The longitudinal survey with three time points confirmed that higher levels of general self-efficacy were consistently associated with better positive affect at later time points. The reverse effects, from positive affect to later self-efficacy, were not significant. In addition, qualitative interviews with a subsample provide suggestions as to how self-efficacy of refugees might be improved: that is, by improving access to employment and language classes, by clarifying how British social and cultural systems work, including the practical information necessary to navigate daily life, and by providing more opportunities to increase social networks, all suggesting the necessity of a proactive role of the receiving society.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Education and Social Work > Education
School of Global Studies > Geography
School of Global Studies > International Development
School of Psychology > Psychology
SWORD Depositor: Mx Elements Account
Depositing User: Mx Elements Account
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2020 08:30
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 09:15
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/90254

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