Hydrological variations in central China over the past millennium and their links to the Tropic Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans

Duan, Fucai, Zhang, Zhenqiu, Wang, Yi, Chen, Jianshun, Liao, Zebo, Chen, Shitao, Shao, Qingfeng and Zhao, Kan (2020) Hydrological variations in central China over the past millennium and their links to the Tropic Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans. Climate of the Past, 16. pp. 475-485. ISSN 1814-9324

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Abstract

Variations of precipitation, aka the Meiyu rain, in East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) domain during the last millennium could help enlighten the hydrological response to future global warming. Here we present a precisely dated and highly resolved stalagmite δ18O record from the Yongxing Cave, central China. Our new record, combined with a previously published one from the same cave, indicates that the Meiyu rain has changed dramatically in association with the global temperature change. In particular, our record shows that the Meiyu rain has been weakened during the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA), but intensified during the Little Ice Age (LIA). During the Current Warm Period (CWP), our record indicates a similar weakening of the Meiyu rain. Furthermore, during the MCA and CWP, our records show that the atmospheric precipitation is similarly wet in northern China and similarly dry in central China, but relatively wet during the CWP in southern China. This spatial discrepancy indicates a complicated localized response of the regional precipitation to the anthropogenic forcing. The weakened (intensified) Meiyu rain during the MCA (LIA) matches well with the warm (cold) phases of Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature. This Meiyu rain pattern also corresponds well with the climatic conditions over the Tropical Indo-Pacific warm pool. On the other hand, our record shows a strong association with the North Atlantic climate as well. The reduced (increased) Meiyu rain correlates well with positive (negative) phases of North Atlantic Oscillation. In addition, our record links well with the strong (weak) Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during the MCA (LIA) period. All above-mentioned localized correspondences and remote teleconnections on decadal to centennial timescales indicate that the Meiyu rain is coupled closely with oceanic processes in the Tropical Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans during the MCA and LIA.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > Geography
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Sharon Krummel
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2020 08:47
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2020 11:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/89774

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