Health system capacity for Tuberculosis Care in Ethiopia: evidence from national representative survey

Deribew, Amare, Dejene, Tariku, Defar, Atkure, Berhanu, Della, Biadgilign, Sibhatu, Tekle, Ephrem, Asheber, Kassahun and Deribe, Kebede (2020) Health system capacity for Tuberculosis Care in Ethiopia: evidence from national representative survey. International Journal for Quality in Health Care. ISSN 1353-4505 (Accepted)

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Abstract

Objective
The objective of this study was to evaluate the TB health system capacity and its variations by location and types of health facilities in Ethiopia.

Settings
The study included 873 public and private health facilities all over Ethiopia.

Design
We used the Service Provision Assessment plus (SPA+) survey data that were collected in 2014 in all hospitals and randomly selected health centers and private facilities in all regions of Ethiopia. We assessed structural, process and overall health system capacity based on the Donabedian quality of care model. Multiple linear regression and spatial analysis were done to assess TB capacity score variation across regions.

Results
A total of 873 health facilities were included in the analysis. The overall TB care capacity score was 76.7%, 55.9% and 37.8% in public hospitals, health centers and private facilities respectively. The health system capacity score for TB was higher in the urban (60.4%) facilities compared to that of the rural (50.0%) facilities (β=8.0, 95%CI: 4.4, 11.6). Health centers (β= 16.2, 95%CI: -20.0, -12.3) and private health facilities (β= -38.3, 95%CI: -42.4, -35.1) had lower TB care capacity score than hospitals. Overall TB care capacity score were lower in Western and Southern western Ethiopia and in Benishangul Gumz and Gambella regions.

Conclusions
The health system capacity score for TB care in Ethiopia varied across regions. Health system capacity improvement interventions should focus on the private sectors and health facilities in the rural and remote areas to ensure equity and improve quality of care.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Health System Capacity, Spatial variation, Tuberculosis, Ethiopia
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Global Health and Infection
Research Centres and Groups: Brighton and Sussex Centre for Global Health Research
Depositing User: Manuela Mcdermid
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2020 08:26
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2020 14:15
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/89742

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