Non-asymptotic quantum metrology: extracting maximum information from limited data

Rubio Jiménez, Jesús (2020) Non-asymptotic quantum metrology: extracting maximum information from limited data. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Science relies on our practical ability to extract information from reality, since processing this information is essential for developing theories that explain our world. This thesis is precisely the study of how to extract and process information using quantum systems when a constrained amount of resources means that the available data is limited. The natural framework for this task is quantum metrology, a set of tools to model and design quantum measurement strategies. Equipped with this theory, we advocate a Bayesian approach as the appropriate formalism to study systems with a finite amount of resources, which is a non-asymptotic problem, and we propose a methodology for non-asymptotic quantum metrology. To start with, we show the consistency of taking those solutions that are optimal in the asymptotic regime of many trials as a guide to calculate a generalised measure of uncertainty in the Bayesian framework. This provides an approximate but useful way of studying the non-asymptotic regime whenever a direct Bayesian optimisation is intractable, and it avoids non-physical results that can arise when only the asymptotic theory is employed. Secondly, we construct a new non-asymptotic Bayesian bound without relying on the previous approximation by first selecting the optimal quantum strategy for a single shot, and then simulating a sequence of repetitions of this scheme, which is suitable for experiments where we do not wish or cannot correlate different trials. These methods are applied to a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, which is a single-parameter problem, and to quantum sensing networks where the nodes are either qubits or optical modes, which are multi-parameter protocols. Our results provide a detailed characterisation of how the interplay between prior information, entanglement and a limited amount of data affects the performance of quantum metrology protocols, which has important implications for the analysis of theory and experiments in this field.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC0170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter Including molecular physics, relativity, quantum theory, and solid state physics > QC0174.12 Quantum theory. Quantum mechanics
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2020 10:25
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2021 09:07

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