Adjustable loop femoral cortical suspension devices for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a systematic review

Singh, Sarvpreet, Shaunak, Shalin, Shaw, Sebastian C K, Anderson, John L and Mandalia, Vipul (2020) Adjustable loop femoral cortical suspension devices for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a systematic review. Indian Journal of Orthopaedics. pp. 1-18. ISSN 0019-5413

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Abstract

Background:
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a common sports injury. Symptomatic knee instability after this injury is usually treated operatively through ACL reconstruction. The surgery involves a tendon graft being fixed in bony tunnels drilled through femur and tibia. The fixation of the graft is of critical importance to achieving good results. One of the commonest devices used to fix the graft in the femoral bony tunnel is a fixed loop cortical suspensory device. More recently, adjustable loop cortical suspension devices have been introduced, and have gained popularity for ACL reconstruction. These allow for adjusting the length of the suspension loop after insertion. There is currently much debate concerning whether the adjustable loop devices are superior or inferior to the fixed loop devices.

Purpose:
To critique and review the current biomechanical and clinical evidence on the use of adjustable loop devices in hamstring ACL reconstruction. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reviews of this topic.

Study Design:
Systematic review.

Methods:
This systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA. Five databases were searched using multiple search terms and MeSH terms where possible. The following limits were applied: papers published in English and papers published in the last 21 years.

Results:
Eleven laboratory and six clinical studies were reviewed. The laboratory-based studies have frequently shown elongation of adjustable loop devices to more than 3 mm under loading protocols, whereas the clinical studies have not shown any significant differences between the patients with fixed loop and the ones with adjustable loop devices.

Clinical Significance:

This review shows a discrepancy between laboratory-based and clinical studies. The review of clinical studies in our paper would give future researchers confidence and act as a prompt to construct randomised clinical trials to investigate these devices further.

Conclusion:
We feel that more robust clinical randomised studies and trials are needed to evaluate these new devices.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament Adjustable loop femoral cortical suspensory devices Fixed loop femoral cortical suspensory devices ACL reconstruction Rehabilitation
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD0032 Operative surgery. Technique of surgical operations
R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD0701 Orthopedia. Orthopedic Surgery
Depositing User: Dr Sebastian C K Shaw
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2020 09:03
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2020 11:48
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/89361

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