Design and fabrication of ion traps for a scalable microwave quantum computer

Fan, Weikang (2020) Design and fabrication of ion traps for a scalable microwave quantum computer. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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This thesis describes the experimental work towards the development of a scalable quantum computer based on microfabricated ion trap using long-wavelength radiation and magnetic field gradient.

There are three key elements in implementing such a quantum computer: the junction trap to shuttle ions, the structure to generate high gradient magnetic field and the structure to induce strong microwave coupling to the ions. A new dynamic simulation tool was developed addressing the problems faced by static solvers. This tool was used to aid the design and optimisation of an X junction geometry allowing the ions to be shuttled with minimised motional heating gain. The design and fabrication techniques were reported on the structure to generate a high gradient magnetic field. A discussion was given on the design of producing microwave and maximise the coupling to the cold ions. A review was given on the far-field methods and near-field methods. A novel design was reported where the single-qubit gate is predicted to be 45 times faster than a conventional setup.

Two essential topics on the microfabrication of a reliable scalable quantum computer unit were discussed: breakdown and RF loss. Investigation using numerical simulations showed that dielectric can breakdown due to high voltage and local heating which are results of impedance mismatch. Microfabrication processes were improved, high-quality films were reported to have twice as much breakdown voltages. The mechanisms of RF loss were reviewed. Novel structures and smooth electroplating technique were developed to minimise the loss. A low loss ion trap was produced and tested. An experimentally observed anomalous glow discharge phenomenon was reported and investigated.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC0170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter Including molecular physics, relativity, quantum theory, and solid state physics > QC0174.12 Quantum theory. Quantum mechanics
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 12:26
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2020 12:26

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