Governing for ecosystem health and human wellbeing

Nunan, Fiona, Menton, Mary, McDermott, Constance and Shreckenberg, Kate (2018) Governing for ecosystem health and human wellbeing. In: Shreckenberg, Kate, Mace, Georgina and Poudyal, Mahesh (eds.) Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation: trade-offs and governance. Routledge, London, pp. 159-173. ISBN 9780429507090

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Abstract

Governance arrangements and processes influence access to and benefits from ecosystem services, and therefore the potential for ecosystem services to alleviate poverty. Governance also then influences the health of ecosystems. This chapter learns from decades of governance-related research to identify how to make ecosystem governance more effectively ‘pro-poor’. It is informed by a systematic mapping of literature related to governance of ecosystem services and renewable natural resources for improved wellbeing and poverty alleviation, expert interviews and a workshop with government and non-government actors across a range of sectors from both North and South. The chapter is organised around the concept of trade-offs, considering first ecosystem-focused approaches, then rights-based approaches and lastly, participatory approaches to governance. The chapter further addresses the relevance of scale and multiple administrative levels (multi-level governance) and the importance of informal, or socially embedded, institutions. The chapter concludes that there is no single governance approach that can definitively deliver on improved ecosystem health and human wellbeing, that trade-offs are inevitable and governance is therefore an inherently political process.

Item Type: Book Section
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Evolution, Behaviour and Environment
Research Centres and Groups: Sussex Sustainability Research Programme
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
J Political Science
Depositing User: Mary Menton
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2020 12:37
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2020 12:37
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/89285

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