The supply chain of violence

Butt, Nathalie, Lambrick, Frances, Menton, Mary and Renwick, Anna (2019) The supply chain of violence. Nature Sustainability, 2 (886). pp. 742-747. ISSN 2398-9629

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Abstract

Every year, more people are killed defending the environment than are soldiers from the United Kingdom and Australia on overseas deployments in war zones combined. During the last 15 years, the number of both deaths of environmental defenders, and the countries where they occur, have increased. Recorded deaths have increased from two per week to four per week over this period. These deaths are primarily related to conflict over natural resources, across a range of sectors. Of 683 total deaths, >230 were related to mining and agribusiness between 2014 and 2017. We find that rule of law and corruption indices are closely linked to patterns of killings. Using spatial data, we investigate the drivers of these conflicts and violence and seek to identify who may be most at risk and why. We argue that businesses, investors and national governments at both ends of the chain of violence need to be more accountable.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Evolution, Behaviour and Environment
Research Centres and Groups: Sussex Sustainability Research Programme
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
H Social Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mary Menton
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2020 10:32
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 02:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/89218

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