Evidence for adult age-invariance in associative false recognition

Pansuwan, T, Breuer, F, Gazder, T, Lau, Z, Cueva, S, Swanson, L, Taylor, M, Wilson, M and Morcom, A M (2019) Evidence for adult age-invariance in associative false recognition. Memory. pp. 1-15. ISSN 0965-8211

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Abstract

Older people are more prone to memory distortions and errors than young people, but do not always show greater false recognition in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) task. We report two preregistered experiments investigating whether recent findings of age-invariant false recognition extend to designs in which studied items are blocked. According to Tun, Wingfield, Rosen, & Blanchard (1998), age effects on false recognition in the DRM task are due to a greater reliance on gist processing which is enhanced under blocked study conditions. Experiment 1 assessed false recognition in an online variant of the DRM task where words were presented visually, with incidental encoding. The results showed Bayesian evidence against greater false recognition by older adults, whether lures were semantically associated with studied lists, or perceptually related (presented in the same distinctive font as studied lists) or both. Experiment 2 used a typical DRM procedure with auditory lists and intentional encoding, closely reproducing Tun et al.’s (1998) Experiment 2 but omitting an initial test of recall. The results showed evidence against an age-related increase in critical lure false recognition under these conditions. Together, the data suggest that older people do not make more associative memory errors in recognition tests than young people.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: False memory, recognition, semantic, ageing, DRM
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Sanjeedah Choudhury
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2020 08:39
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2020 02:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/89200

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