Mapping disparities in education across low- and middle-income countries

Graetz, Nicholas, Woyczynski, Lauren, Wilson, Katherine F, Hall, Jason B, Abate, Kalkidan Hassen, Abd-Allah, Foad, Adebayo, Oladimeji M, Adekanmbi, Victor, Afshari, Mahdi, Ajumobi, Olufemi, Akinyemiju, Tomi, Alahdab, Fares, Al-Aly, Ziyad, Rabanal, Jacqueline Elizabeth Alcalde, Deribe, Kebede, Local Burden of Disease Educational Attainment Collaborators, Local Burden of Disease Educational Attainment Collaborators and others, (2019) Mapping disparities in education across low- and middle-income countries. Nature. pp. 1-16. ISSN 0028-0836

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Abstract

Educational attainment is an important social determinant of maternal, newborn, and child health. As a tool for promoting gender equity, it has gained increasing traction in popular media, international aid strategies, and global agenda-setting. The global health agenda is increasingly focused on evidence of precision public health, which illustrates the subnational distribution of disease and illness; however, an agenda focused on future equity must integrate comparable evidence on the distribution of social determinants of health. Here we expand on the available precision SDG evidence by estimating the subnational distribution of educational attainment, including the proportions of individuals who have completed key levels of schooling, across all low- and middle-income countries from 2000 to 2017. Previous analyses have focused on geographical disparities in average attainment across Africa or for specific countries, but—to our knowledge—no analysis has examined the subnational proportions of individuals who completed specific levels of education across all low- and middle-income countries. By geolocating subnational data for more than 184 million person-years across 528 data sources, we precisely identify inequalities across geography as well as within populations.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Global Health and Infection
Research Centres and Groups: Brighton and Sussex Centre for Global Health Research
Subjects: R Medicine
Depositing User: Deborah Miller
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2020 08:27
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2020 15:24
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/89130

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