Factors associated with self- and informant ratings of quality of life, well-being and life satisfaction in people with mild-to-moderate dementia: results from the Improving the experience of Dementia and Enhancing Active Life programme

Wu, Yu-Tzu, Nelis, Sharon M, Quinn, Catherine, Martyr, Anthony, Jones, Ian R, Victor, Christina R, Knapp, Martin, Henderson, Catherine, Hindle, John V, Jones, Roy W, Kopelman, Michael D, Morris, Robin G, Pickett, James A, Rusted, Jennifer M, Thom, Jeanette M, Litherland, Rachael, Matthews, Fiona E and Clare, Linda (2020) Factors associated with self- and informant ratings of quality of life, well-being and life satisfaction in people with mild-to-moderate dementia: results from the Improving the experience of Dementia and Enhancing Active Life programme. Age and Ageing. pp. 1-7. ISSN 0002-0729

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Abstract

Background
A large number of studies have explored factors related to self- and informant ratings of quality of life in people with dementia but many studies have had relatively small sample sizes and mainly focused on health conditions and dementia symptoms. The aim of this study is to compare self- and informant-rated quality of life, life satisfaction and wellbeing, and investigate the relationships of the two different rating methods with various social, psychological and health factors, using a large cohort study of community-dwelling people with dementia and carers in Great Britain.

Methods
This study included 1283 dyads of people with mild-to-moderate dementia and their primary carers in the Improving the experience of Dementia and Enhancing Active Life (IDEAL) study. Multivariate modelling was used to investigate associations of self- and informant-rated quality of life, life satisfaction and wellbeing with factors in five domains: psychological characteristics and health; social location; capitals, assets and resources; physical fitness and health; and managing everyday life with dementia.

Results
People with dementia rated their quality of life, life satisfaction and wellbeing more highly than did the informants. Despite these differences, the two approaches had similar relationships with social, psychological and physical health factors in the five domains.

Conclusions
Although self- and informant ratings differ, they display similar results when focusing on factors associated with quality of life, life satisfaction and wellbeing. Either self- or informant ratings may offer a reasonable source of information about people with dementia in terms of understanding associated factors.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Dementia; Measurement methods; Wellbeing; Quality of life; Life satisfaction
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Sanjeedah Choudhury
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2020 08:19
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2021 02:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/89002

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