Pseudomonas aeruginosa develops Ciprofloxacin resistance from low to high level with distinctive proteome changes

Peng, Jianhe, Cao, Jing, Ng, Fui Mee and Hill, Jeffrey (2017) Pseudomonas aeruginosa develops Ciprofloxacin resistance from low to high level with distinctive proteome changes. Journal of Proteomics, 152. pp. 75-87. ISSN 1874-3919

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection is difficult to treat because of its drug resistance, but how it develops drug resistance remains largely unknown. In this study we investigated Ciprofloxacin resistance development in P. aeruginosa. Different Ciprofloxacin concentrations selected different low level resistant mutants, and high level resistant mutants emerged from low level resistant mutants if stressed further by Ciprofloxacin. A deep quantitative proteomic study of the Ciprofloxacin resistant mutants uncovered the cellular pathways that supported such resistances. The two low level resistant mutants had different molecular mechanisms. One was mainly due to switching to anaerobic respiration and overexpression of catalase and peroxidase, and the other was probably due to iron and polyamine uptake and DNA repair. High level of resistance involved the mexCD-oprJ efflux pump and the downregulation of PQS quorum sensing. Other pathways might also have contributed to high level resistance, like the arginine deiminase pathway, catalase, peroxidase, protein degradation and DNA repair. The intracellular Ciprofloxacin concentration assay indicated that only the mexCD-oprJ overexpressed mutants had low drug accumulation. This study provided a comprehensive overview of the proteomic landscape in the evolution of Ciprofloxacin resistance in P. aeruginosa, and might have implications in diagnosis and treatment of Ciprofloxacin resistant P. aeruginosa. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD004560.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Research Centres and Groups: Sussex Drug Discovery Centre
Depositing User: Jeffrey Hill
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2020 10:27
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2023 13:25

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