Association between obesity categories with cardiovascular disease and its related risk factors in the MASHAD cohort study population

Ghazizadeh, Hamideh, Mirinezhad, Seyed Mohammad Reza, Asadi, Zahra, Parizadeh, Seyed Mostafa, Zare-Feyzabad, Reza, Shabani, Niloofar, Eidi, Marziyeh, Farkhany, Ehsan Mosa, Esmaily, Habibollah, mahmoudi, Ali Asghar, Moohebati, Mohsen, Oladi, Mohammad Reza, Rohban, Mohadese, Sharifan, Payam, Yadegari, Mehran, Saeidi, Fatemeh, Ferns, Gordon A and Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid (2019) Association between obesity categories with cardiovascular disease and its related risk factors in the MASHAD cohort study population. Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis. ISSN 0887-8013

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Abstract

Background
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Obesity is an important CVD risk factor and is increasing in prevalence.

Methods
In this study, 3829 men and 5720 women (35‐65 years) were enrolled as part of the MASHAD cohort study. Four categories were identified according to body mass index and waist circumference that was defined by the World Health Organization. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the adjusted odds ratio (OR) for the occurrence of CVD, and Cox regression model was used to evaluate the association of obesity with CVD incidence.

Results
We found that the higher risk groups defined by categories of adiposity were significantly related to a higher prevalence of a high serum total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TG), and lower high‐density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), and higher fasting blood glucose (FBG) in both genders and a higher low‐density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) in women (P < .001). Additionally, a high percentage of participants with dyslipidemia, high LDL, high TC, and low HDL and a high percentage of participants with metabolic syndrome, diabetes, hypertension, and a high serum TG were observed across obesity categories (P < .001). Moreover, women with the very high degrees of obesity had a greater risk of CVD (HR: 1.91, 95% CI: 1.06‐3.43, P = .03).

Conclusion
Obesity strongly predicts several CVD risk factors. Following 6 years of follow‐up, in individuals within increasing degrees of obesity, there was a corresponding significant increase in CVD events, rising to approximately a twofold higher risk of cardiovascular events in women compared with men.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Cherie Elody
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2019 10:36
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2020 16:15
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/88363

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