Strategic and operational remanufacturing mental models: a study on Chinese automotive consumers buying choice

Moosmayer, Dirk C, Abdulrahman, Muhammad Dan-Asabe, Subramanian, Nachiappan and Bergkvist, Lars (2020) Strategic and operational remanufacturing mental models: a study on Chinese automotive consumers buying choice. International Journal of Operations and Production Management. ISSN 0144-3577

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Abstract

Purpose
Remanufacturing is the only end-of-life (EOL) treatment process that results in as-new functional and aesthetic quality and warranty. However, applying mental model theory, the purpose of this paper is to argue that the conception of remanufacturing as an EOL process activates an operational mental model (OMM) that connects to resource reuse, environmental concern and cost savings and is thus opposed to a strategic mental model (SMM) that associates remanufacturing with quality improvements and potential price increases.

Design/methodology/approach
The authors support the argument by empirically assessing consumers’ multi-attribute decision process for cars with remanufactured or new engines among 202 car buyers in China. The authors conduct a conjoint analysis and use the results as input to simulate market shares for various markets on which these cars compete.

Findings
The results suggest that consumers on average attribute reduced utility to remanufactured engines, thus in line with the OMM. However, the authors identify a segment accounting for about 30 per cent of the market with preference for remanufactured engines. The fact that this segment has reduced environmental concern supports the SMM idea that remanufactured products can be bought for their quality.

Research limitations/implications
A single-country (China) single-brand (Volkswagen) study is used to support the conceptualised mental models. While this strengthens the internal validity of the results, future research could improve the external validity by using more representative sampling in a wider array of empirical contexts. Moreover, future work could test the theory more explicitly.

Practical implications
By selling cars with remanufactured engines to customers with a SMM that values the at least equal performance of remanufactured products, firms can enhance their profit from remanufactured products. In addition, promoting SMM enables sustainable business models for the sharing economy.

Originality/value
As a community, the authors need to more effectively reflect on shaping mental models that disconnect remanufacturing from analogies that convey inferior quality and performance associations. Firms can overcome reduced utility perceptions not only by providing discounts, i.e. sharing the economic benefits of remanufacturing, but even more by increasing the warranty, thus sharing remanufacturing’s performance benefit and reducing consumers’ risk, a mechanism widely acknowledged in product diffusion but neglected in remanufacturing so far.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and communications > HE5601 Automotive transportation
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS0155 Production management. Operations management
Depositing User: Nachiappan Subramanian
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2019 10:41
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2020 13:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/88188

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