Shedding light on the use of Cu(II)-salen complexes in the A3 coupling reaction

Sampani, Stavroula I, Zdorichenko, Victor, Danopoulou, Marianna, Leech, Matthew C, Lam, Kevin, Abdul-Sada, Alaa, Cox, Brian, Tizzard, Graham J, Coles, Simon J, Tsipis, Athanasios and Kostakis, George E (2019) Shedding light on the use of Cu(II)-salen complexes in the A3 coupling reaction. Dalton Transactions. pp. 1-28. ISSN 1477-9226

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One Cu(II) complex, {Cu(II)L} (1S), has been synthesised, in two high yielding steps under ambient conditions, and characterised by single-crystal X-Ray diffraction (SXRD), IR, UV Vis, Circular Dichroism (CD), Elemental analysis, Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Electron Spray Ionization Mass Spectroscopy (ESI-MS). This air-stable compound enables the generation, at room temperature and open-air, of twenty propargylamines, nine new, from secondary amines, aliphatic aldehydes and alkynes with a broad scope with yields up to 99%. Catalyst loadings can be as low as 1 mol%, while the recovered material retains its structural integrity and can be used up to 5 times without loss of its activity. Control experiments, SXRD, 2 cyclic voltammetry and theoretical studies shed light on the mechanism revealing that the key to success is the use of phenoxido salen based ligands. These ligands orchestrate topological control permitting alkyne binding with concomitant activation of the C–H bond and simultaneously acting as template temporarily accommodating the abstracted acetylenic proton, and continuous generating, via in-situ formed radicals and Single Electron Transfer (SET) mechanism, of a transient Cu(I) active site to facilitate this transformation. The scope and limitations of this protocol are discussed and presented.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD0146 Inorganic chemistry
Depositing User: Georgios Kostakis
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 09:17
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2020 02:00

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