Numerical and optimal control methods for partial differential equations arising in computational finance

Miles, James (2019) Numerical and optimal control methods for partial differential equations arising in computational finance. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

The chosen title for my PhD thesis is "Numerical and optimal control methods for partial differential equations arising in computational finance". The body of my research is divided into two parts. The first part is devoted to the application of an alternating direction implicit numerical method for solving stochastic volatility option pricing models. The second part focuses on a partial-integro differential equation constrained optimal control approach to parameter estimation for the forward jump-diffusion option pricing model. The body of the thesis is preceded by an extensive introduction, which seeks to contextualize my work with respect to the field of computational finance, this is followed by a brief conclusion. Finally, the thesis is completed by a list of refer ences. The first project proposes a new high-order alternating direction implicit (ADI) finite difference scheme for the solution of initial-boundary value problems of convection-diffusion type with mixed derivatives and non-constant coefficients, as they arise from stochastic volatility models in option pricing. The approach combines different high-order spatial discretisations with Hundsdorfer and Verwer's ADI time-stepping method, to obtain an efficient method which is fourth-order accurate in space and second-order accurate in time. Numerical experiments for the European put option pricing problem using Heston's stochastic volatility model confirm the high-order convergence. The second project proposes to solve a parameter calibration problem for the forward jump-diffusion option pricing model proposed by Andersen and Andreasen. A distributed optimal control approach is employed, with a partial-integro differential equation as our state equation. By approaching the problem from a functional analysis perspective, I investigate the necessary regularity conditions for our parameters of interest. Following this, the existence of optimal solutions is proven under certain analytical conditions. Furthermore, the first-order necessary conditions for optimality are also established. Finally, a projected-gradient optimization method is applied numerically to empirical market data and results are given.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG0101 Theory. Method. Relation to other subjects > HG0106 Mathematical models
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA0299 Analysis. Including analytical methods connected with physical problems
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2019 09:11
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2019 09:11
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/87829

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