Cosmological time evolution of the Higgs mass and gravitational waves

Calmet, Xavier (2019) Cosmological time evolution of the Higgs mass and gravitational waves. International Journal of Modern Physics A. pp. 1-6. ISSN 0217-751X (Accepted)

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Abstract

We point out that gravitational wave detectors such as LISA have the potential of probing a cosmological time evolution of the Higgs boson self-coupling constant λ and thus the Higgs boson’s mass mH = √ 2λv. The phase transition of the Standard Model could have been a first order one if the Higgs mass was below 72 GeV at a temperature T? ≥ 100 GeV. Gravitational waves could thus have been produced during the electroweak phase transition. A discovery by LISA of a stochastic background of gravitational waves with a characteristic frequency k? ≥ 10−5 Hz could be interpreted as a sign that the Higgs boson self-coupling constant was smaller in the past. This interpretation would be particularly tempting if the Large Hadron Collider did not discover any physics beyond the Standard Model by the time such waves are seen. The same mechanism could also account for baryogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Depositing User: Amelia Redman
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2019 14:37
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2019 14:45
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/86710

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