Validating the use of a smartphone app for remote administration of a fear conditioning paradigm

Purves, K L, Constantinou, E, McGregor, T, Lester, K J, Barry, T J, Treanor, M, Sun, M, Margraf, J, Craske, M G, Breen, G and Eley, T C (2019) Validating the use of a smartphone app for remote administration of a fear conditioning paradigm. Behaviour Research and Therapy. a103475. ISSN 0005-7967

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Fear conditioning models key processes related to the development, maintenance and treatment of anxiety disorders and is associated with group differences in anxiety. However, laboratory administration of tasks is time and cost intensive, precluding assessment in large samples, necessary for analysis of individual differences. This study introduces a newly developed smartphone app that delivers a fear conditioning paradigm remotely using a loud human scream as an aversive stimulus. Three groups of participants (total n = 152) took part in three studies involving a differential fear conditioning experiment to assess the reliability and validity of a smartphone administered fear conditioning paradigm. This comprised of fear acquisition, generalisation, extinction, and renewal phases during which online US-expectancy ratings were collected during every trial with evaluative ratings of negative affect at three time points. We show that smartphone app delivery of a fear conditioning paradigm results in a pattern of fear learning comparable to traditional laboratory delivery and is able to detect individual differences in performance that show comparable associations with anxiety to the prior group differences literature.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
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Depositing User: Sanjeedah Choudhury
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2019 13:01
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2021 01:00

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