A multinational European study of patient preferences for novel diagnostics to tackle antimicrobial resistance

Mott, David J, Hampson, Grace, Llewelyn, Martin J, Mestre-Ferrandiz, Jorge and Hopkins, Michael M (2019) A multinational European study of patient preferences for novel diagnostics to tackle antimicrobial resistance. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. pp. 1-11. ISSN 1175-5652

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Abstract

Background
Novel diagnostics are needed to manage antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Patient preferences are important in determining whether diagnostic tests are successful in practice, but there are few data describing the test attributes which matter most to patients. We elicited patients’ preferences for attributes of diagnostic tests that could be used to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in primary care across seven European countries.
Methods
We used an online stated preference survey, including a discrete choice experiment (DCE). The DCE explored how patients make trade-offs between three key attributes of diagnostic tests: the speed that results were available, confidence in the test results, and how convenient it is to take the test. Individuals were eligible to complete the survey if they had taken antibiotics within the last 2 years and were resident in Germany, Italy, Spain, France, Greece, the Netherlands or the United Kingdom (UK).
Results
In total, 988 respondents completed the survey. The DCE responses illustrated that speed was the least important attribute in most countries. Responses from Germany and the Netherlands indicated that confidence was most important in these countries. Responses from the UK, France, Spain and Italy showed convenience as the most important attribute in these countries. Two attributes, confidence and convenience, were jointly favoured by respondents in Greece.
Conclusion
Patients in different European countries do not have the same preferences for the attributes of diagnostic tests to manage AMR in primary care. Failure to account for such differences during test development could reduce test uptake, result in continued overuse of antibiotics, and hamper marketisation.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Global Health and Infection
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R852 Research. Experimentation
Depositing User: Sandy Gray
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2019 09:42
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2019 15:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/85712

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