Happy centennial birthday UKEF: fit for the future?

Dawar, Kamala (2019) Happy centennial birthday UKEF: fit for the future? Discussion Paper. UKTPO, Sussex. (Accepted)

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• The 100 year-old UK export credit agency – UKEF - aims to ensure the necessary finance or insurance to support UK export opportunities. In seeking to leave the EU, the UK government has placed strategic importance on UKEF, as a vital component of its new export strategy.

• However, aggressive competition in the official export credit support market has resulted in an increase in activity that lies outside of the main instruments regulating competition and sustainability in export finance terms – the OECD Arrangement and the Common Approaches.

• By default, the WTO SCM agreement is increasingly the main legal discipline, despite its weakness in not covering trade in services or the sustainable development dimensions of official export credit support. Yet the playing field has become increasingly unruly because of the reluctance on the part of WTO Members to challenge potentially non-compliant export credit support measures.

• The UK government is faced with the difficult choice between taking a strong pro-competition position domestically, or by fighting fire with fire and developing its own non-Arrangement type export credit programmes. This briefing paper argues that the former option is the more preferable for economic efficiency considerations and long-term competitiveness, even though it may result in a controversial reduced role for the UKEF.

• The current economic slowdown in export growth coupled with the rise of unruly export credit support programmes calls for heightened cooperation among Export Credit Agency (ECA) governments within international bodies such as the WTO, OECD and the International Working Group on Export Credit Support. There is a collective interest in preventing publicly-funded, yet opaque, subsidy wars in export credit terms and conditions, with negative economic, political, social and environmental repercussions.

Item Type: Reports and working papers (Discussion Paper)
Keywords: Export Credit Agencies (ECAs), UK Export Finance (UKEF), the OECD Arrangement, the OECD Common Approaches, the WTO SCM, International Working Group on Export Credit Support (IWG)
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Law
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF1371 International trade
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF1371 International trade > HF1383 International trade agencies
K Law
Depositing User: Kamala Dawar
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 09:36
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 12:47
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/85427

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
RESPECTUnsetEU Horizon 2020770680