A meta-analysis of memory ability in synaesthesia

Ward, Jamie, Field, Andy P and Chin, Taylor (2019) A meta-analysis of memory ability in synaesthesia. Memory. ISSN 0965-8211

[img] PDF (This is an an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Memory on 02/08/2019, available online:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09658211.2019.1646771) - Accepted Version
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Abstract

People with synaesthesia have often been reported to possess enhanced memory relative to the general population and, in some cases, exceptional memory ability. However, there are also inconsistencies in this literature and it is unclear whether this reflects sampling error (exacerbated by low Ns) or more meaningful differences that arise because synaesthesia relates to some aspects of memory more than others. To this end, a multi-level meta-analysis was conducted. Synaesthetes have enhanced episodic memory with a medium population effect size estimate (d ̂ = 0.61), whereas the effects on working memory were significantly smaller (d ̂ = 0.36) but still exceeded that of controls. Moderation analyses suggested that, aside from the division between long term versus working memory, the effects of synaesthesia are pervasive i.e. they extend to all kinds of stimuli, and extend to all kinds of test formats. This pattern is hard to reconcile with the view that synaesthetic experiences directly support memory ability: for instance, digit span (where synaesthesia could be helpful) showed a small effect whereas episodic memory for abstract images (where synaesthesia is irrelevant) yielded larger effects. Synaesthesia may be the only known neurodevelopmental condition linked to a pervasive enhancement of long-term memory.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Episodic memory; working-memory; synaesthesia/synesthesia; meta-analysis; superior ability
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Sanjeedah Choudhury
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2019 16:00
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2019 11:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/85043

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