A systematic review of the antecedents of knowledge transfer: an actant-object view

Shahbaznezhad, Hamidreza, Rashidirad, Mona and Vaghefi, Isaac (2019) A systematic review of the antecedents of knowledge transfer: an actant-object view. European Business Review, 31 (6). pp. 970-995. ISSN 0955-534X

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Abstract

Purpose
While numerous studies have studied knowledge transfer (KT) and endeavored to address factors influencing KT, little effort has been made to integrate the findings of prior studies. This paper aims to classify the literature on KT through a detailed exploration of different perspectives of KT inter and intra organizations.

Design/methodology/approach
Using actor–network theory (ANT) as the baseline, we conducted a systematic review of KT research to summarize prior KT studies and classify the influential factors on KT. The review covered 115 empirical articles published between 1987 and 2017.

Findings
Drawing on the review and ANT guidelines, the authors proposed a conceptual model to categorize KT constitutes into objects including those related to (1) knowledge, (2) knowledge exchange and (3) technology, as well as actants including those related to (4) organization, (5) team/business unit and (6) knowledge sender/receiver.

Research limitations/implications
Adopting a holistic synthesized approach based on ANT, this research puts forward a valid theoretical foundation on further understanding of KT and its antecedents. Indeed, this paper investigates KT inter and intra organizations to recognize and locate the key antecedents of KT, which is of substantial applicability in today’s knowledge-driven economy.

Practical implications
The findings advance managers and practitioners’ understanding of the important role of actants and objects and their interplay in KT practices.

Originality/value
While most studies on KT have a narrow focus, this research contributes to holistic understanding of motivational, behavioral, technological and organizational issues related to KT. It also offers a thorough and context-free literature review on KT, which synthesizes the findings of prior studies on KT.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Knowledge Transfer, Actor Network Theory (ANT), Objects, Actants, Antecedents, Knowledge Exchange, Systematic Review
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Strategy and Marketing
Depositing User: Mona Rashidirad
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2019 08:41
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2019 10:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/84899

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