Robust quantum logic for trapped ion quantum computers

Webb, Anna Elizabeth (2019) Robust quantum logic for trapped ion quantum computers. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

This thesis describes experimental work on implementing single and two qubit gates in ¹⁷¹Yb+ ions using methods suitable for a large scale quantum computer. By combining a magnetic field gradient with microwave and radiofrequency radiation, the spin and motional states of the ions are coupled which allows multi-qubit operations to be performed, as well as providing individual addressing of ions in frequency space. A dressed state qubit is used which exhibits an increase of over two orders of magnitude in the coherence time for a qubit that it is sensitive to the magnetic field gradient. Using this system, single qubit gates are characterised using the technique of randomised benchmarking, resulting in a measured average error per gate of 9(3)x10ˉ⁴.
A new type of two qubit gate is experimentally demonstrated, which in comparison to a standard two qubit gate shows significantly increased resilience to two major sources of gate infidelity: heating of the motional mode of the ions during gate operations, and incorrectly set gate field frequencies. These types of errors are expected to become increasingly important with the move towards quantum processors with large numbers of qubits. Using this same technique, a two qubit gate is also demonstrated at a higher initial temperature with a significantly improved fidelity compared to standard methods.
These gate techniques are used to demonstrate work towards implementing positiondependent quantum logic, a method which could remove the correlation between the number of ions and the number of gate fields required in a large scale quantum computing architecture. A method to move the dressed state qubit through a magnetic field gradient while preserving quantum information is demonstrated, as well as a method to optimise the phase of a two qubit gate of unknown phase in order to implement a CNOT logic gate. This provides a path forwards to demonstrating a CNOT gate using position-dependent quantum logic.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC0170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter Including molecular physics, relativity, quantum theory, and solid state physics
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2019 09:39
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2019 09:39
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/84844

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