Applying utilitarianism and deontology in managing Bisphenol-A risks in the United States

Martin, Abigail, Iles, Alastair and Rosen, Christine (2016) Applying utilitarianism and deontology in managing Bisphenol-A risks in the United States. HYLE – International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry, 22 (1). pp. 79-103. ISSN 1433-5158

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Abstract

We examine Bisphenol-A (BPA) as a case that illustrates key challenges in addressing the public health risks of consumer products in the 21st century. First, we trace growing concerns about the effects of BPA on human health, showing how regulatory approaches can exacerbate the difficulty of dealing with the unforeseen risks of chemicals in consumer products. Second, we highlight the question of who should bear the responsibility – and the cost – of rectifying or preventing unforeseen chemical risks in consumer products. Third, we discuss the challenge of substituting out a potentially hazardous chemical from consumer products in the context of well established global production chains and consumption patterns. Utilitarian and deontological ethical frameworks have influenced societal debates surrounding each of these three challenges, creating moral dilemmas for actors with different forms of moral agency – both those implicated in the production of harmful chemicals and those pursuing remedies.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Bisphenol-A, BPA, chemicals regulation, ethics, deontology, utilitarianism
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD0194 Environmental effects of industries and plants
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD0194 Environmental effects of industries and plants > TD0195.A-Z Special industries, facilities, activities, etc., A-Z
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD0194 Environmental effects of industries and plants > TD0196.A-Z Special environmental pollutants. Other environmental pollutants, A-Z
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP0155 Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP0200 Chemicals
Depositing User: Abigail Martin
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2019 09:57
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 13:06
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/84582

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