Insights into the ubiquinol/dioxygen binding and proton relay pathways of the alternative oxidase

Shiba, Tomoo, Inaoka, Daniel Ken, Takahashia, Gen, Tsuge, Chiaka, Kido, Yasutoshi, Young, Luke, Ueda, Satoshi, Baloguna, Emmanuel Oluwadare, Narah, Takeshi, Honma, Teruki, Tanaka, Akiko, Inoue, Masayuki, Saimoto, Hiroyuki, Harada, Shigeharu, Moore, Anthony L and Kita, Kiyoshi (2019) Insights into the ubiquinol/dioxygen binding and proton relay pathways of the alternative oxidase. BBA - Bioenergetics, 1860 (5). pp. 375-382. ISSN 0005-2728

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The alternative oxidase (AOX) is a monotopic diiron carboxylate protein which catalyzes the four-electron re-duction of dioxygen to water by ubiquinol. Although we have recently determined the crystal structure ofTrypanosoma bruceiAOX (TAO) in the presence and absence of ascofuranone (AF) derivatives (which are potent mixed type inhibitors) the mechanism by which ubiquinol and dioxygen binds to TAO remain inconclusive. In this article, ferulenol was identified as the first competitive inhibitor of AOX which has been used to probe thebinding of ubiquinol. Surface plasmon resonance reveals that AF is aquasi-irreversible inhibitor of TAO whilst ferulenol binding is completely reversible. The structure of the TAO-ferulenol complex, determined at 2.7 Å,provided insights into ubiquinol binding and has also identified a potential dioxygen molecule bound in aside-on conformation to the diiron center for the first time.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Alternative oxidaseUbiquinol/dioxygen bindingProton relay pathwayTrypanosoma bruceiFerulenolCompetitive inhibitor
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Subjects: Q Science
Depositing User: Anthony Moore
Date Deposited: 22 May 2019 10:47
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2023 14:05

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